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    英语听书《白鲸记》第483期

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    Chapter 46 Surmises

    第四十六章 臆测

    Though, consumed with the hot fire of his purpose, Ahab in all his thoughts and actions ever had in view theultimate capture of Moby Dick; though he seemed ready to sacrifice all mortal interests to that one passion;nevertheless it may have been that he was by nature and long habituation far too wedded to a fiery whaleman's ways, altogether to abandon the collateral prosecution of the voyage. Or at least if this were otherwise, there were not wanting other motives much more influential with him. It would be refining too much, perhaps,even considering his monomania, to hint that his vindictiveness towards the White Whale might have possibly extended itself in some degree to all sperm whales, and that the more monsters he slew by so much the more he multiplied the chances that each subsequently encountered whale would prove to be the hated one he hunted.But if such an hypothesis be indeed exceptionable, there were still additional considerations which, though not so strictly according with the wildness of his ruling passion, yet were by no means incapable of swayinghim.

    亚哈虽然给他那目的的热火弄得心劳神疲,可他整个思想和行动总是指望最后能够捉住莫比-迪克。虽然他为了要达到那个热望,似乎准备随时牺牲一切重大的利益,然而,他的天性和积习也许太过于墨守彪悍的捕鲸者的旧规,因而无法放弃这趟航程的附带工作?;蛘咧辽偃绻皇钦庋?,那就是他心里还萦绕着更多的其它一些意图。不过,即使就他那种偏热症说来,说他对于白鲸的报复心理可能会多少扩大到一切抹香鲸,说他越多杀巨兽,就越增加机会,因为这样一条条的杀下去,最后的一条鲸就会是他所要猎击的可恨的鲸了,这种说法,也许未免太过分了些。但是,如果这样的假定确实是可加非议的,那么还可以另外提出许多值得考虑的事实来,这些事实,虽不能说是跟他那带有狂性的主要激情完全一致,然而,也决不是不能左右他的。

    To accomplish his object Ahab must use tools; and of all tools used in the shadow of the moon, men are most apt to get out of order. He knew, for example, that however magnetic his ascendency in some respects was over Starbuck, yet that ascendency did not cover the complete spiritual man any more than mere corporeal superiority involves intellectual mastership; for to the purely spiritual, the intellectual but stand in a sort ofcorporeal relation. Starbuck's body and Starbuck's coerced will were Ahab's, so long as Ahab kept his magnetat Starbuck's brain; still he knew that for all this the chief mate, in his soul, abhorred his captain's quest, and could he, would joyfully disintegrate himself from it, or even frustrate it. It might be that a longinterval would elapse ere the White Whale was seen. During that long interval Starbuck would ever be apt to fall into open relapses of rebellion against his captain's leadership, unless some ordinary, prudential, circumstantial influences were brought to bear upon him.

    为了达到目的,亚哈就必须使用工具,而在世间所能使用的一切工具中,人却是最会出乱子的。比如说,他知道,尽管在某些方面说来,他对斯达巴克具有很大的驾驭魅力,然而,那种驾驭力,并未能控制一个人的整个精神,正如光靠肉体上的优势并不就等于可以在智力上控制别人一样。因为就纯粹的精神说来,智力不过是同肉体有关的一种东西而已。只要亚哈的魅力能够始终存在斯达巴克的脑子里,斯达巴克的身体,斯达巴克的受到强制的意志便都是亚哈的了。然而,他也知道,尽管是这样,这个大副,在灵魂深处,是嫌恶他的船长这种搜索鲸鱼的计划的,如果他办得到的话,他一定极愿意摆脱这种计划,或者甚至会破坏这种计划。等到发现白鲸还得有一大段时间,在这漫长的时间中,如果不给斯达巴克一种正常的,小心细致的,相机而行的影响,他准会随时公开反抗他的船长的领导。

    重点单词   查看全部解释    
    corporeal [kɔ:'pɔ:riəl]

    想一想再看

    adj. 肉体的;物质的,有形的

    联想记忆
    quest [kwest]

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    n. 探索,寻求
    v. 寻找,搜索

     
    rebellion [ri'beljən]

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    n. 谋反,叛乱,反抗

    联想记忆
    apt [æpt]

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    adj. 恰当的,聪明的,易于 ... 的
    a

     
    accomplish [ə'kɔmpliʃ]

    想一想再看

    vt. 完成

    联想记忆
    monomania [,mɔnəu'meiniə, -njə]

    想一想再看

    n. 偏执狂;对一事的狂热

     
    hint [hint]

    想一想再看

    n. 暗示
    v. 暗示,示意

     
    abandon [ə'bændən]

    想一想再看

    v. 放弃,遗弃,沉溺
    n. 放纵

    联想记忆
    shadow ['ʃædəu]

    想一想再看

    n. 阴影,影子,荫,阴暗,暗处
    vt. 投阴

     
    incapable [in'keipəbl]

    想一想再看

    adj. 无能力的,不胜任的

    联想记忆
    ?

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